Cwm Rhondda for Brass Quartet-Quintet

By: John Hughes (1873-1932) Arranged by Keith Terrett
For: Brass quintet
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Composer
John Hughes (1873-1932) Arranged by Keith Terrett
Arranger
Difficulty
Moderate (Grades 4-6)
Duration
1 minute
Genre
Classical music
License details
For anything not permitted by the above licence then you should contact the publisher first to obtain permission.

An arrangement of Cwm Rhondda for Brass Quintet.

Cwm Rhondda, taken from the Welsh name for the Rhondda Valley, is a popular hymn tune written by John Hughes (1873–1932).

It is usually used in English as a setting for William Williams’s text Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah (or, in some traditions, Guide Me, O Thou Great Redeemer),[1] originally Arglwydd, arwain trwy’r anialwch in Welsh. On account of a line in this English translation, the tune (and hymn) is often called Bread of Heaven.

In Welsh the tune is most commonly used as a setting for a hymn by Ann Griffiths, Wele’n sefyll rhwng y myrtwydd.

John Hughes (22 November 1873 – 14 May 1932) was born in Dowlais and brought up in Llanilltud Faerdref (in English: Llantwit Fardre). At age 12 he began work in Glynn Colliery in his home town and subsequently became a clerk at the Great Western Colliery Pontypridd where he worked for over 40 years. He served as a deacon and leader of the congregational singing in Salem Baptist Chapel Llanilltud Faerdref.[2][3] The first version of the tune, called "Rhondda" was written in 1905 for the Cymanfa Ganu (hymn festival) in Pontypridd, when the enthusiasm of the 1904–1905 Welsh Revival still remained.[4] The present form was developed for the inauguration of the organ at Capel Rhondda, in Hopkinstown in the Rhondda valley, in 1907.[5] Hughes himself played the organ at this performance, using the English translation of William Williams’s words because of the large number of English-speaking industrial workers who had immigrated to the area.[6] A number of his other compositions were popular during his lifetime, but have not lasted. The name was changed from "Rhondda" to "Cwm Rhondda" by Harry Evans, of Dowlais, to avoid confusion with another tune by M O Jones.

The hymn is usually pitched in A-flat major and has the 8.7.8.7.4.7 measure which is common in Welsh hymns. The third line repeats the first and the fourth line develops the second. The fifth line normally involves a repeat of the four-syllable text and the sixth reaches a climax on a dominant-seventh chord—emphasised by a rising arpeggio in the alto and bass parts. The final line continues the musical development of the second and fourth (and generally carries a repeat of the text of the sixth). On account of these vigorous characteristics, the tune was resisted for some time in both Welsh and English collections but has now become firmly established.

History[edit] William Williams Pantycelyn (named, in the Welsh style, ’Pantycelyn’ after the farm which his wife inherited) is generally acknowledged as the greatest Welsh hymnwriter.[9] The Welsh original of this hymn was first published as Hymn 10 in Mor o Wydr (Sea of Glass) in 1762. It comprised six verses.[10] (References to a five verse version in Pantycelyn’s Alleluia of 1745[11] appear to be incorrect.) It was originally titled Gweddi am Nerth i fyned trwy anialwch y Byd (Prayer for strength for the journey through the world’s wilderness).

Peter Williams (1722-1796, no relation of the author but well known for his popular edition of the Welsh Bible, with notes.[12][13]) translated part of the hymn into the English version given above, with the title Prayer for Strength. It was published in Hymns on various subjects, 1771. This translation is the only Welsh hymn to have gained widespread circulation in the English-speaking world.[14] The present-day Welsh version, given above, is essentially a redaction of the original to parallel Peter Williams’s English version. A result of the translation process is that the defining phrase Bread of heaven does not actually occur in the original (where the Welsh would be Bara nefoedd; it is a paraphrase of the references to manna.

The Welsh word Arglwydd corresponds more-or-less to the English Lord, in all its senses. It is used in the Old Testament to represent the Divine Name (the tetragrammaton) and in the New as the standard honorific for Jesus Christ. Accordingly Peter Williams translated it as Jehovah in accord with the practice of his time. Many English-language hymnals today translate it as Redeemer.

The following version of the original is taken from Gwaith Pantycelyn (The Works of Pantycelyn). All but the second verse is given, with minor variations, in the Welsh Hymnbook of the Calvinist and Wesleyan Methodists, published by the assemblies of the two churches.

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Come Back To Sorrento for Bb Trumpet & Piano, Three Welsh Chorales for 3 Trumpets & Trombone, Trumpet Tune from the Island Princess for Brass Quintet in Bb (Low version), Trumpet Tune from the Island Princess for Brass Quintet in C Semi pro version, What Shall We Do With The Drunken Brass Band Quartet?, Quando me’n vo (Musetta’s waltz) for Bb Trumpet & Piano, Mattinata (Morning song) for Bb Trumpet & Piano, O Sole Mio for Bb Trumpet & Piano, O Mio Babbini Caro for Bb Trumpet & Piano, M’Appari Tutt’ Amor for Bb Trumpet & Piano, Angolan National Anthem for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem series), Jasmine Flower (The) for Bb Trumpet & Piano (Pro-version), Fanfare & Soliloquy for Bb Trumpet & Piano, Jasmine Flower (The) for C Tuba & Piano, What Shall We Do With The Drunken Tenor Horn Player?, The Gypsy Trumpeter in New Orleans for Bb Trumpet & Orchestra, The Lord's My Shepherd for three Bb Trumpets & Trombone, Air from the Suite No. 3 in D for Brass Band Quartet, What Shall We Do With The Drunken Tubist? (Pro-version), Argentinian National Anthem for Brass Quintet & Percussion (MFAO) World National Anthem Series), Swing Low, Sweet Chariot for Tuba Quintet, Night Flight to Buenos Aires for Trombone Quartet, Declamation for Bb Trumpet & Piano (Pro-version), Jesus Christ is Risen Today for Classical Brass Quartet (with high Bb Piccolo Trumpet Descant), The Lord’s my Shepherd for Brass Quartet & Piccolo Trumpet, Also Sprach Zarathustra Rocks! (2001 A Space Odyssey) for Bb Trumpet & Organ (Pro version), Stanley Trumpet Voluntary Op. 6 No. 5; for two Trumpets & Organ in Bb (Lower version) no pedals, Badinerie from Suite No.2 for D Trumpet & Piano (Pro-version), Air on the G String from the Suite No. 3 in D for Solo F Horn & String Orchestra, The Gypsy Tenor Horn Player in New Orleans, 8 Swinging Xmas Carols for C Tuba & Piano, Pachelbel’s Kanon for Brass Octet, Fanfare & Soliloquy for French Horn & Piano, Air on the G String for C Trombone/Euphonium & Keyboard, Ave Maria for Bb Trumpet & Piano, Equinox for Brass Quintet & Drum Set, Air on the G String from the Suite No. 3 in D for Bb Piccolo Trumpet & String Orchestra , Badinerie from Suite No.2 for C Euphonium & Piano (Pro-version), Stanley Trumpet Voluntary for D Trumpet & Organ (Pro-version), Air from the Suite No. 3 in D for Brass Band Quartet (Jazzy version), Lustspiel for Brass Quintet, Allegro from the Trumpet Concerto for Cello & Keyboard, Moroccan National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Stanley Trumpet Voluntary Opus 6 No.5 for 2 Bb Trumpets & Piano (Young player version) in Eb, 8 Swinging Xmas Carols for French Horn & Piano, Vesti La Giubba for Trombone/Euphonium & Piano, 3 & 1/4 Classic Favourites for Five Brass!, Peruvian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Czardas for solo Trumpet & Piano (Lower version), Arioso (Sinfonia to Cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe) for French Horn & Keyboard, Arioso (Sinfonia to Cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe) for C Euphonium & Harpsichord , Arioso (Sinfonia to Cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe) for C Tuba & Keyboard/Organ, Pakistani National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), New Zealand National Anthem for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem Series), Qatari National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World Nnational Anthem), Air from the Suite No. 3 in D for Classical Brass Quintet, A Serenade for Trumpet, Cornet or Flugelhorn & Piano, Saint Lucian National Anthem (Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Greek & Cypriot National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Georgian National Anthem ’’Tavisupleba’’ for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), SUO-GAN for C Tuba & Piano (BC), For all the Saints (Sine Nomine) for Brass Quintet & Percussion, Jasmine Flower (The) for C Trombone & Piano, Macedonian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Jasmine Flower (The) for C Euphonium & Piano, Allegro from the Concerto for Trumpet for Eb Tenor Horn & KB, Jasmine Flower (The) for French Horn & Piano, Badinerie from Suite No.2 for Bb Trumpet & Piano (Lower version in D minor), Paddy's Day March for British Brass Band (''If Your'e Irish Come Into The Parlour'' & ''MacNamara's Band''), SUO-GAN for French Horn & Piano, Badinerie from Suite No.2 for French Horn & Piano, Mattinata for Trombone/Euphonium (BC) & Piano, Vietnamese National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Also Sprach Zarathustra Rocks! 2001 A Space Odyssey for C Trombone & Organ, Bass Guitar & Drumset, San Marino National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Hungarian National Anthem (Himnusz) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Badinerie from Suite No.2 for C Tuba & Piano (Pro-version), Mexican National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Croatian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), A Serenade for Brass Quintet , South African National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Azerbaijani National Anthem for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem Series), Twenty Minute Tango for Bb Trumpet & Piano., Twenty MInute Tango for Eb Tenor Horn (Alto) & Piano, Pachelbel's Kanon for Brass Octet (Viennese Edition), Fanfare & Soliloquy for Tuba & Piano, Overture from the Suite in D for two French Horns & Keyboard, Overture from Suite in D (Water Music) for two Euphoniums & Keyboard, Jesus Christ is Risen Today for three Bb Trumpets & Trombone, Pachelbel’s Kanon Rocks! Mixed Ensemble, Jesus Christ is Risen Today for Brass (low descant), Twenty Minute Tango for French Horn & Piano, Trumpet Tune from the Island Princess for Brass Quintet in D Pro version, Escape to the Phaeacians for Concert/Wind Band, Echo for Brass Octet, Badinerie from Suite No. 2 for C Trombone, Euphonium, Baritone & Piano (lower version)), The Saint’s Visit Havana with a Touch of W.A.Mozart for Bb Piccolo Trumpet & Piano, The Saint’s Visit Havana with a Touch of W.A.Mozart for Bb Trombone-Euphonium (TC), El tamborilero for Brass Quartet, English National Anthem (And Did Those Feet in Ancient Times) for Trombone Quintet, Cwm Rhondda for Tuba Quartet, Ancient Dances for Concert/Wind/Symphonic Band - Keith Terrett Classic Band Series, Una Furtiva Lagrima for Solo Bb Trumpet & Piano (Intermediate version), Jazz Scale Patterns for all Treble Clef Instruments, March from Scipio in Bb for Flexible Band (School Band Series), March from Scipio for Brass Quartet, optional KB & Percussion, Vesti La Giubba for Bb Trumpet & Piano (Low version), Piri piri for Concert/ Wind Band, Overture from the Suite in D from the ’Water Music’ for two Piccolo Trumpets in A & Keyboard, What Shall We Do With The Drunken French Horn Player?, What Shall We Do With The Drunken Brass Quartet?, Come Back To Sorrento (Torna a Surriento) for French Horn & Piano, Come Back To Sorrento (Torna a Surriento) for C Trombone & Piano, Come Back To Sorrento (Torna a Surriento) for C Tuba & Piano, Nessun Dorma for French Horn & Piano, Eternal Father Strong, to Save for Trombone Quartet (low brass), Catalonian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Prelude from the Te Deum for French Horn & Organ (Pro-version), Badinerie from Suite No.2 for C Tuba & Piano (Lower version), Nessun Dorma for C Euphonium & Piano, Czardas for French Horn & Piano, Arioso (Sinfonia to Cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe) for Bb Trumpet & Keyboard (semi - pro version), Prelude from Te Deum for French Horn & Organ (Intermediate version), Prelude from the Te Deum for French Horn & Organ (Intermediate version), Arioso (Sinfonia to Cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe) for Bb Trumpet & Harpsichord (low version), A Tubist Goes Ballroom Dancing for C Tuba & Piano, Prelude from the Te Deum(Eurovision Song Contest Theme) for two French Horns & Organ (Pro-version), Kanon in D minor, but not that one!, Fugue on B-a-c-h for Trombone Quintet, Von fremden Ländern und Menschen for Brass Quintet, A Serenade for French Horn & Keyboard, Una Furtiva Lagrima for C Trombone & Piano (Intermediate Version), American Military Marching Songs for Concert/Wind Band (Keith Terrett Classic March Collection), Amazing Grace for C Trombone/Baritone/Euphonium & Piano (BC), Vesti La Giubba for Bb Trumpet & Piano (Pro version), Vesti La Giubba for French Horn & Piano, Night Flight to Barcelona (Vuelo nocturno a Cartagena) for Concert /Wind Band (Keith Terrett Classic March Collection), No. 1 of the Trois Gnossiennes for Eb Tenor Horn & Piano, Royal Hussar (The) Ceremonial Slow March for Concert/Wind Band (Keith Terrett Classic March Collection), Pachelbel’s Canon for 8 Trumpets, Allegro from the Water Music for Two C Trumpets, Two French Horns & Concert Band, VE March for Concert/Wind Band (Keith Terrett Classic March Collection), Royal Hussar (The) - Ceremonial Slow March for Brass Band (Keith Terrett Classic March Collection), Hello Dolly for Brass Quintet & Drum set (Jazz for 5 Brass Series), Für Elise Boogie Woogie for Brass Quintet (Jazz for Just 5 Brass Series), Frankie & Johnny for French Horn & Piano, All Through The Night for Brass Quartet & Snare Drum, All Things Bright and Beautiful for Brass Quartet & Choir, Frankie & Johnny for C Tuba & Piano, Lost Patrol March (The) for Concert/Wind/Symphonic Band (Keith Terrett Classic March Collection), Amazing Grace for Eb Tenor (Alto) Horn & Piano, C Jam Blues for Brass Quintet (Jazz for 5 Brass Series!), Irish National Anthem (unofficial) Londonderry Air - Danny Boy for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), South Korean National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Angels Sang (Christmas Carol for Brass Quartet), Sāre Jahāṉ se Acchā - سارے جہاں سے اچھا (Indian Patriotic song) for Bb Trumpet, C Trombone & Piano (Pro version), Were You There? 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