"Gospel" Menuet, by J. Haydn, arr. MW Morse

Easy (Grades 1-3)
2 minutes
Classical music
Solo instrument + piano (Alto Saxophone)
Instrumental parts
Not available

This is the first publication of a menuet by the revered Classical composer Joseph Haydn (1809-1732). It presents some interesting light on the life and music of the composer.

The manuscript was discovered in the effects of theologian & rabble-rouser Gottfried Kleinschwanz (1746-1791). Kleinschwanz preached Biblical Literalism and abstinence-only sex education up and down the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until chased out in 1785. He took refuge in London, where the Great Revival was about to begin. In the summer of 1788, Haydn took his customary vacation from Court duties for Prince Esterhazy, and went to London to arrange for some orchestral concerts. At the salon of Lord & Lady Bracknell, he encountered the charismatic Kleinschwanz. Although there is no evidence that this life-long devout Catholic ever converted to Protestantism, it is apparent from this short piece that he must have considered such a move. With some notable exceptions, discussed below, the music is vintage Haydn.

First and foremost, the frequent "Amen" cadences suggest that Kleinschwanz introduced Haydn to some of the hymns and psalms popular among Protestants, especially in the English-speaking world. The modal chords on pedal points (in the Trio and elsewhere) are most unusual, but would have been familiar to Haydn from the rustic folk music of Protestant peasants capering about the grounds of Esterhaz. Unusual, too, is Haydn's decision to forego recapitulation, in favour of a brief coda. The lead instrument here also calls for comment. The manuscript lists the lead voice as "Saxo Grammaticus corno rusticus"–a now-obsolete ancestor of the alto saxophone. The jazzy pizzicato bass line shows Haydn as the forerunner of the musical future.

The present edition became possible after the manuscript was discovered in London in 2003. Kleinschwanz returned to Vienna in 1790, where his renewed doctrinal obstreperousness led Joseph II. to solve the problem definitively by having him drawn and quartered. After turning up in an attic, his affects were offered in a garage sale. The purchaser of the manuscript saw the jazzy style of the music, brought it to Ronnie Scott's club, where it eventually made its way to the present editor. I have of course endeavoured to cleave to the highest standards of contemporary scholarship.

Fortunately, this has grown considerably easier, since the cutting edge of musicology has recognized the fundamental bankruptcy of disinterested objectivity. I have discharged my responsibilities accordingly.

[Dr.] Michael W. Morse

[for my friend Ian McLachlan]

Which method of viewing music should I use?

Score Exchange has two methods to display previews of music: seView which uses regular html and javascipt and the Scorch plug-in from Avid which needs to be downloaded and installed onto your computer. Both have advantages and disadvantages:


seView, is the most compatible option. You should be able to view music on all modern web browsers including most mobile devices. Even if your device does not support javascript you should still be able to preview at least page one of the music.

You do not need to install any additional software to use seView.


Scorch is a free plug-in from Avid for displaying and printing music. It can also play the music that you're seeing. As modern web browsers are updated, Scorch is no longer compatible with many browsers. Scorch has never been compatible with mobile devices and some web browsers on Mac computers.

If your web browser does not install Scorch automatically, you can click here to download and install scorch manually.

cloud scorch goes here

Licensing for this music

This score was published on Score Exchange by Michael Morse. When you buy it, you are granted a license that includes the following:

Sharing the file you download
When you buy the score - make multiple copies
When you buy parts - make multiple copies

For anything not permitted by the above licence then you should contact the publisher first to obtain permission.

In order to submit this score to ScoreExchange.com Michael Morse has declared that they own the copyright to this work in its entirety or that they have been granted permission from the copyright holder to use their work. If you believe that this score should be not available here because it infringes your or someone elses copyright, please report this score using the copyright abuse form.