French National Anthem ''La Marsellaise'' for Symphony Orchestra (KT Olympic Anthem Series)

Composer
Claude-Joseph Rouget De L'isle (1760-1836)
Arranger
Parts
Full details...
page one of French National Anthem ''La Marsellaise'' for Symphony Orchestra (KT Olympic Anthem Series)

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Full details

Arranged for full Symphony Orchestra, "La Marseillaise" is the national anthem of France. The song was written in 1792 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in Strasbourg after the declaration of war by France against Austria, and was originally titled "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin" ("War Song for the Rhine Army"). There are versions for Brass Quintet & String Orchestra in store.

The French National Convention adopted it as the Republic's anthem in 1795. The song acquired its nickname after being sung in Paris by volunteers from Marseille marching to the capital. The song is the first example of the "European march" anthemic style. The anthem's evocative melody and lyrics have led to its widespread use as a song of revolution and its incorporation into many pieces of classical and popular music.

As the French Revolution continued, the monarchies of Europe became concerned that revolutionary fervor would spread to their countries. The War of the First Coalition was an effort to stop the revolution, or at least contain it to France. Initially, the French army did not distinguish itself, and Coalition armies invaded France. On 25 April 1792, baron Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich, the mayor of Strasbourg, requested his guest Rouget de Lisle compose a song "that will rally our soldiers from all over to defend their homeland that is under threat". That evening, Rouget de Lisle wrote "Chant de guerre pour l'Armée du Rhin" (English: "War Song for the Army of the Rhine"), and dedicated the song to Marshal Nicolas Luckner, a Bavarian in French service from Cham. A plaque on the building on Place Broglie where De Dietrich's house once stood commemorates the event. De Dietrich was executed the next year during the Reign of Terror.

The melody soon became the rallying call to the French Revolution and was adopted as "La Marseillaise" after the melody was first sung on the streets by volunteers (fédérés in French) from Marseille by the end of May. These fédérés were making their entrance into the city of Paris on 30 July 1792 after a young volunteer from Montpellier called François Mireur had sung it at a patriotic gathering in Marseille, and the troops adopted it as the marching song of the National Guard of Marseille.[2] A newly graduated medical doctor, Mireur later became a general under Napoléon Bonaparte and died in Egypt at age 28.

The song's lyric reflects the invasion of France by foreign armies (from Prussia and Austria) that were under way when it was written. Strasbourg itself was attacked just a few days later. The invading forces were repulsed from France following their defeat in the Battle of Valmy. As the vast majority of Alsatians did not speak French, a German version ("Auf, Brüder, auf dem Tag entgegen") was published in October 1792 in Colmar.

The Convention accepted it as the French national anthem in a decree passed on 14 July 1795, making it France's first anthem. It later lost this status under Napoleon I, and the song was banned outright by Louis XVIII and Charles X, only being re-instated briefly after the July Revolution of 1830. During Napoleon I's reign, "Veillons au salut de l'Empire" was the unofficial anthem of the regime, and in Napoleon III's reign, it was "Partant pour la Syrie". During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, "La Marseillaise" was recognised as the anthem of the international revolutionary movement; as such, it was adopted by the Paris Commune in 1871, albeit with new lyrics under the title "La marseillaise de la Commune". Eight years later, in 1879, it was restored as France's national anthem, and has remained so ever since.

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Score ID
404443
Composer
Claude-Joseph Rouget De L'isle (1760-1836)
Year of composition
1792
Arranger
Year of arrangement
2019
Difficulty
Moderate (Grades 4-6)
Duration
2 minutes
Instrumentation
Orchestra
Genre
World music
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"Lofsöngur" (World National Anthem Series) , Indonesian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), The Internationale (Soviet Russia 1918-22) for Brass Quintet & Percussion, Vatican State National Anthem - Inno e Marcia Pontificale “Pontifical Anthem” “Hymnus Pontificius” for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Turkish & Northern Cypriot National Anthem ''Istiklâl Marşı'' for Symphony Orchestra (Kt Olympic Anthem Series), Salut d'Amour Loves Greeting Opus 12 for Viola & Piano, Mattinata for French Horn & Piano, Moonlight Serenade for Bb Soprano Saxophone & Piano, Rondo Alla Turca for Flute & Piano, Come Back To Sorrento (Torna a Surriento) for Violin & Piano, Ave Maria for Cello & Piano, Tico-Tico no fubá for Bb Trumpet, C Trombone & Piano, Arioso (Sinfonia to Cantata Ich steh mit einem Fuß im Grabe) for Cello & Harpsichord, Tico-Tico no fubá for Bb Clarinet, Bass Clarinet & Piano, Tambourin for Violin & Piano, Tambourin for Bb Trumpet & Piano, Tambourin for Bb Clarinet & Piano, Tambourin for Oboe & Piano, Tambourin for Bassoon & Piano, Tambourin for Bb Soprano Saxophone & Piano, African National Anthem for Clarinet Quartet, German National Anthem (Deutschlandlied) for Brass Quintet, Rondo Alla Turca for Bb Clarinet & Piano, Rondo Alla Turca for Cello & Piano and German National Anthem for Concert/Wind Band
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