Tanzanian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series)

By: Enoch Mankayi Sontonga
For: Brass quintet
page one of Tanzanian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series)

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Composer
Enoch Mankayi Sontonga
Arranger
Year of arrangement
2014
Difficulty
Moderate (Grades 4-6)
Duration
1 minute
Genre
Classical music
License details
For anything not permitted by the above licence then you should contact the publisher first to obtain permission.

The Tanzanian National Anthem arranged for Brass Quintet.

Mungu ibariki Afrika is the national anthem of Tanzania. The anthem is the Swahili language version of Enoch Sontonga’s popular hymn 'Nkosi Sikelel iAfrika' that is also used as Zambia’s anthem (with different words) and part of South Africa’s. It was formerly also used as Zimbabwe’s anthem. The word Mungu in Swahili means God and the title of the anthem therefore translates as God bless Africa.

In Finland the same melody is used as the children’s psalm Kuule Isä Taivaan (Hear, Heavenly Father). In this form the song has found its way to the common book of psalms used by the major church of Finland.

"Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" was originally composed as a hymn in 1897 by Enoch Sontonga, a teacher at a Methodist mission school near Johannesburg. Some claim the melody is based on the hymn "Aberystwyth" by Joseph Parry, though others have called the connection far fetched. The words of the first stanza and chorus were originally written in Xhosa as a hymn. In 1927 seven additional Xhosa stanzas[5] were added by the poet Samuel Mqhayi. Sontonga originally composed the hymn in B-flat major with a four-part harmony supporting a repetitive melody characteristic of "both Western hymn composition and indigenous South African melodies." The hymn was taken up by the choir of Ohlange High School, whose co-founder served as the first president of the South African Native National Congress. It was sung to close the Congress meeting in 1912, and by 1925 it had become the official closing anthem of the organisation, now known as the African National Congress. "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" was first published in 1927. The song was the official anthem for the African National Congress during the apartheid era and was a symbol of the anti-apartheid movement. For decades during the apartheid regime it was considered by many to be the unofficial national anthem of South Africa, representing the suffering of the oppressed masses. Because of its connection to the ANC, the song was banned by the regime during the apartheid era.

In 1994, after the end of apartheid, the new President of South Africa Nelson Mandela declared that both "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" and the previous national anthem, "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" (English: "The Call of South Africa") would be national anthems. While the inclusion of "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" celebrated the newfound freedom of most South Africans, the fact that "Die Stem" was also retained even after the fall of apartheid, represented the desire of the new government led by Mandela to respect all races and cultures in an all-inclusive new era dawning upon South Africa. During this period, the custom was to play "Die Stem" together with "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" during occasions that required the playing of a national anthem.

In 1996, a shortened, combined version of the two compositions was released as the new national anthem of South Africa under the constitution of South Africa and was adopted the following year. This version uses several of the official languages of South Africa. The first two lines of the first stanza are sung in Xhosa and the last two in Zulu. The second stanza is sung in Sesotho. The third stanza consists of a verbatim section of the former South African national anthem, "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika", and is sung in Afrikaans. The fourth and final stanza, sung in English, is a modified version of the closing lines of "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika".

Zambia: The hymn was the national anthem of Zambia from independence in 1964 until 1973 when the lyrics were replaced by "Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free".

Zimbabwe: "Ishe Komborera Africa" was the Zimbabwean version of "God Bless Africa" sung in the Shona and Ndebele languages and was its first national anthem, adopted after the country gained independence in 1980.

It was replaced in 1994 by "Ngaikomborerwe Nyika yeZimbabwe/Kalibusiswe Ilizwe LeZimbabwe" (English: "Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe"), but still remains very popular in the country.

Namibia "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" was used provisionally as the national anthem of Namibia at time of the country's independence in March 1990. But soon after, an official contest was organised for a new national anthem. It was won by Axali Doeseb, who wrote "Namibia, Land of the Brave" which was officially adopted on the first anniversary of the country's independence, in 1991.

Other countries and organisations:

In other African countries throughout southern Africa, the song was sung as part of the anti-colonial movements. It includes versions in Chichewa (Malawi and Zambia). Outside of Africa, the hymn is perhaps best known as the long-time (since 1925) anthem of the African National Congress (ANC), as a result of the global anti-Apartheid Movement of the 1970s and 1980s, when it was regularly sung at meetings and other events.

In Finland the same melody is used as the children's psalm "Kuule, Isä taivaan, pyyntö tää" ("Hear, Heavenly Father"). The hymn has appeared in Virsikirja, the hymnbook of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, with lyrics by Jaakko Löytty.

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MFAO World National Anthem Series, Philippino National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Trinidadian & Tobagonian National Anthem for Brass Quintet, Djiboutanian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Slovakian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Irish National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Antthem Series), Slovenian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem Series), Zambian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Egyptian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Spanish National Anthem (Marcha Real) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Brazilian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (Hino Nacional Brasileiro) MFAO World National Anthem Series, Catalonian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Afhgan National Anthem for Brass Quintet (1992-2006) Old version, Omani National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Cameroon National Anthem (O Cameroon, Cradle of our Forefathers) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Arcadian Local Anthem “Ave, Maris Stella” (Latin) “Hail, Star of the Ocean” for Brass Quintet & Percussion (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Hungarian National Anthem (Himnusz) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Austrian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Central African Republic National Anthem "La Renaissance" for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Chadian National Anthem (Chadian Hymn) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), El Salvadorian National Anthem (Himno nacional) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Reunion Island National Anthem for Brass (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Armenian National Anthem ("Mer Hayrenik") for Brass Quintet & Percussion (MFAO World Anthem Series), British Indian Ocean Territory National Anthem (God Save the Queen) for Brass Quintet, Faroese National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Russian Federation National Anthem (Hymne National de Russe) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Canary Islands Official Regional Anthem for Brass Quintet & Percussion (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Three Welsh Chorales for Brass Quartet , Swedish National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Jamaican National Anthem for Brass Quintet, United Arab Emirates National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Belgian National Anthem (La Brabanconne) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Fürchtenmachen for Brass Quintet (Pro-version), Lithuanian National Anthem for String Orchestra (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Norwegian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Eternal Father Strong to Save (Naval Hymn) for Brass Quartet-Quintet (Traditional version), Indonesian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Vatican State National Anthem - 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