African Anthem for four Marimbas (Xylophones/Vibraphones)

By: Enoch Songtonga
For: Quartet of Marimbas [treble staff]
page one of African Anthem for four Marimbas (Xylophones/Vibraphones)

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Composer
Enoch Songtonga
Year of composition
1897
Arranger
Year of arrangement
2009
Difficulty
Easy (Grades 1-3)
Duration
1 minute
Genre
World music
License details
For anything not permitted by the above licence then you should contact the publisher first to obtain permission.

Nkosi Sikeleli Africa also known as the African National Anthem arranged for 4 Marimbas,Vibes, Xylophones or Vibraphones.

"Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" (Xhosa pronunciation: [ŋkʼɔsi sikʼɛlɛl‿iafrikʼa], lit. "Lord Bless Africa") is a hymn originally composed in 1897 by Enoch Sontonga, a Xhosa clergyman at a Methodist mission school near Johannesburg. The song became a pan-African liberation song and versions of it were later adopted as the national anthems of five states in Africa including Zambia, Tanzania, Namibia and Zimbabwe after independence. Zimbabwe and Namibia have since adopted new compositions for their national anthems. The song's melody is currently used as the national anthem of Tanzania and the national anthem of Zambia; and since 1997, in the national anthem of South Africa.

"Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" was originally composed as a hymn in 1897 by Enoch Sontonga, a teacher at a Methodist mission school near Johannesburg. He based the melody on the hymn tune "Aberystwyth" by Joseph Parry. The words of the first stanza and chorus were originally written in Xhosa as a hymn. In 1927 seven additional Xhosa stanzas were added by the poet Samuel Mqhayi. Sontonga originally composed the hymn in B-flat major with a four-part harmony supporting a repetitive melody characteristic of "both Western hymn composition and indigenous South African melodies." The hymn became popular in South African churches and was taken up by the choir of Ohlange High School, whose co-founder served as the first president of the South African Native National Congress. It was sung to close the Congress meeting in 1912, and by 1925 it had become the official closing anthem of the organisation, now known as the African National Congress. "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" was first published in 1927. The song was the official anthem for the African National Congress during the apartheid era and was a symbol of the anti-apartheid movement.[6] For decades during the apartheid regime it was considered by many to be the unofficial national anthem of South Africa, representing the suffering of the oppressed masses. Because of its connection to the ANC, the song was banned by the regime during the apartheid era.

In 1994, after the end of apartheid, the new President of South Africa Nelson Mandela declared that both "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" and the previous national anthem, "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika" (English: "The Call of South Africa") would be national anthems. While the inclusion of "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" celebrated the newfound freedom of many South Africans, the fact that "Die Stem" was also kept as an anthem even after the fall of apartheid, signified to all that the new government under Mandela respected all races and cultures and that an all-inclusive new era was dawning upon South Africa. During this period, the custom was to play "Die Stem" together with "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" during occasions that required the playing of a national anthem.

In 1996, a shortened, combined version of the two compositions was released as the new national anthem of South Africa under the constitution of South Africa and was adopted the following year. This version uses several of the official languages of South Africa. The first two lines of the first stanza are sung in Xhosa and the last two in Zulu. The second stanza is sung in Sesotho. The third stanza consists of a verbatim section of the former South African national anthem, "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika", and is sung in Afrikaans. The fourth and final stanza, sung in English, is a modified version of the closing lines of "Die Stem van Suid-Afrika.

In other African countries throughout southern Africa, the song was sung as part of the anti-colonial movements. It includes versions in Chichewa (Malawi and Zambia). Outside of Africa, the hymn is perhaps best known as the long-time (since 1925) anthem of the African National Congress (ANC), as a result of the global anti-Apartheid Movement of the 1970s and 1980s, when it was regularly sung at meetings and other events.

In Finland the same melody is used as the children's psalm "Kuule, Isä taivaan, pyyntö tää" ("Hear, Heavenly Father"). The hymn has appeared in Virsikirja, the hymnbook of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, with lyrics by Jaakko Löytty. In my store you will lots of other arrangements for tuned percussion, such as my arrangement of Czardas & The Gypsy Xylophonist in New Orleans.

You can find more of my compositions and arrangements for tuned percussion with Hamar Publications in the USA, and Dutch Music Publishers in Holland.

To purchase this score, please add it to your cart above. To purchase music not currently available on Score Exchange or for extended license requests, please contact the publisher directly.
Czech Republic National Anthem for String Orchestra (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Finnish National Anthem ''Maamme'' for String Orchestra (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Liechtensteiners National Anthem for Symphony Orchestra (Keith Terrett Olympic Anthem Series), Croatian National Anthem for String Orchestra (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Cuban National Anthem for Symphony Orchestra (KT Olympic Anthem Series), Azores Regional Anthem (Hymn of the Azores- "Hino dos Açores" ) for Brass Quintet, O Sole Mio for Vibraphone, Marimba or Xylophone & Piano , Indian National Anthem ''Jana Gana Mana'' for Young Symphonic Band, Romani National Anthem (’’Gelem, Gelem’’ - ’’Romale Shavale’’) for Brass Quintet, Transkei National Anthem “Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika” “God Bless Africa” 1981-1994 for Brass Quintet, Qatari National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World Nnational Anthem), Ethiopian National Anthem (Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp’ya) for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem Series), Ciskei National Anthem “Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika” “God Bless Africa” 1981-1994 for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Congo (Democratic Repubic) National Anthem (Debout Kongolaise-Arise Congolese) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Vanuatu National Anthem ("Yumi, Yumi, Yumi"- "We, We, We") for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Guinea National Anthem (Libertè) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Comoran National Anthem "Udzima wa ya Masiwa" -"The Union of the Great Islands" for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Equatorial Guinea National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Malawian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Anthem of the United Federation of Planets for Brass Quintet, Sengalese National Anthem “Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons” - “Pluck Your Koras, Strike the Balafons” for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Allegro from the Trumpet Concerto for Xylophone/Vibraphone & KB, Dominican National Anthem ’’Isle of beauty, Isle of Slendour’’ for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Dutch National Anthem ''Wilhelmus van Nassouwe'' for Symphony Orchestra, Zimbabwean National Anthem ''Kalibusiswe Ilizwe le Zimbabwe'' for Brass Quintet ''MFAO World National Anthem Series'', Ivorian (Ivory Coast) National Anthem (Song of Abidjan-L’ Abidjanaise) for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem Series), French Guianese National Anthem (La Marsellaise) for Brass Quintet, Tongan National Anthem ’’Ko e fasi ’o e tu’ o e ’Otu Tonga’’ - ’’The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands’’ for Brass Quintet, Nicaraguan National Anthem (Salve a ti, Nicaragua -Hail to thee, Nicaragua)) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Bahamian National Anthem (Oh Bahamaland) for Brass Quintet, Guatemalan National Anthem (Himno Nacional de Guatemala) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Chilean National Anthem (Canción Nacional) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Kenyan National Anthem (Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu-Oh God of All Creation) for Brass Quintet, Taiwanese National Anthem (The Republic of China) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Curaçaoan National Anthem (Himno di Korsou) for Brass Quintet MFAO World National Anthem Series MFAO World National Anthem Series, Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Song (Im Schoensten Wiesengrunde) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Lebanese National Anthem (National Hymn of Lebanon) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Peruvian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Ukrainian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Belizean National Anthem “Land of the Free’’ for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem Series), What Shall We Do With The Drunken Xylophonist?, Fanfare & Soliloquy for Keyboard Percussion & Piano, Mattinata for Vibraphone/Marimba/Xylophone & Piano, Träumerei for Vibraphone & Piano, O Mio Babbino Caro for Vibraphone & Piano, Jesus Christ is Risen Today for three Bb Trumpets & Trombone, Angolan National Anthem for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem series), Czardas for Mallet Trio (Marimba, Vibes & Bass Marimba), Two African Songs for Marimba Quartet, Slovakian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Slovenian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (World National Anthem Series), Zambian National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Spanish National Anthem (Marcha Real) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Arrival of the Queen of Sheba for two Vibraphones & String Orchestra, Hungarian National Anthem (Himnusz) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Franzosisches Lied: Est-ce Mars? for Marimba Quintet, Cameroon National Anthem (O Cameroon, Cradle of our Forefathers) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Chorale Partita with Seven Variations (Alle Menschen mussen Sterben) for Keyboard Percussion Quartet, Arcadian Local Anthem “Ave, Maris Stella” (Latin) “Hail, Star of the Ocean” for Brass Quintet & Percussion (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Chadian National Anthem (Chadian Hymn) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Central African Republic National Anthem "La Renaissance" for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), Czardas for Marimba & Piano, El Salvadorian National Anthem (Himno nacional) for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series), The Gypsy Mallets in New Orleans for Malllet Percussion Trio, British Indian Ocean Territory National Anthem (God Save the Queen) for Brass Quintet, Air on The G String from the Suite No. 3 in D for Vibraphone & String Orchestra, Czardas for solo Vibraphone, Xylophone, Marimba & Pianoforte, Canary Islands Official Regional Anthem for Brass Quintet & Percussion (MFAO World National Anthem Series), The Gypsy Xylophonist in New Orleans , Were You There? Vibraphone & Piano, Amazing Grace for Vibraphone (Mallet Percussion) & Piano, The Saint’s Visit Havana with a Touch of W.A.M. for Marimba/Vibraphone & Piano, Jazz it up: ’When the Saints Go Marching In’ for Vibraphone & Piano, Lithuanian National Anthem for String Orchestra (MFAO World National Anthem Series), SUO-GAN for Vibraphone & Piano, Solvegs sang for Vibraphone & Piano, Norwegian Summer Rain for Jazz Sextet, The Internationale (Soviet Russia 1918-22) for Brass Quintet & Percussion, Vatican State National Anthem - Inno e Marcia Pontificale “Pontifical Anthem” “Hymnus Pontificius” for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series) and Air from the Suite No. 3 in D for Vibraphone & Keyboard

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