Liechtensteiners National Anthem for Brass Quintet (MFAO World National Anthem Series)
The Liechtensteiners National Anthem arranged for Brass Quintet.
Oben am jungen Rhein ("Up above the young Rhine"), sung to the same tune as God Save the Queen, has been the national anthem of Liechtenstein since 1920. In 1963, the anthem was shortened, and references to Germany were removed. The original lyrics were written in 1850 by Swiss pastor Jakob Josef Jauch (1802–1859), at a time when the Principality of Liechtenstein, which is considered the last remnant of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, was a member of the German Confederation. About a decade earlier, French claims to the left bank of the Rhine (Rhine Crisis of 1840) had triggered a series of German "Rhine songs" of which Die Wacht am Rhein is the most famous.
The Liechtenstein anthem, “Oben am jungen Rhein”, shares the same tune as the British “God Save the Queen”, despite there not being any ties to Great Britain in Liechtenstein’s history. This fact might be explained by its close ties to neighbouring Switzerland, who has also used the melody as its anthem in its past (as well as nearby Prussia, and later Germany, at the time). The fact that Liechtenstein shares a well-known tune with another nation has led to a few situations of amateur composers approaching Liechtenstein officials with proposals for a new anthem, convinced that one is needed.
The original lyrics were first written and adopted in 1850, and were changed in 1963; the second, third, and fourth verses were removed, and the remaining lyrics were slightly altered to remove references to Germany (written to denote Liechtenstein’s membership in the German confederacy (Holy Roman Empire).
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